Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Group Practice Manager on Administrative Applications

Gathering Practice Manager on Administrative Applications Group Practice Manager on Administrative Applications An Air Force (AF) military treatment office (MTF) will regularly have at least two gathering practice administrators (GPM). The office where this meeting happens has three; they are co-situated at LakenheathHospital with obligations similarly isolated among in and outpatient care territories. The obligations of a GPM comprise of evaluating clinical strategic approaches, anticipating requests on clinical administrations, and decide how well the MTF is meeting the strategy. They are liable for the assessment of every supplier with respect to relative worth unit (RVU) and relative weighted unit (RWU). Also, they are developed in planning, advertising, key arranging and lead office activities tending to quiet fulfillment of in and outpatient clinical administrations (AFMS Kx, n. d. ). The GPMs associate with various regulatory applications to achievesuccess at their particular employment. This paper will talk about three key applications; Management Analysis and Reporting Tool (M2), United States Armed Forces Europe (USAFE) Decision Support System (DSS) and Air Force Surgeon General’s Executive Global Look (SG EGL) used by the GPM in survey information. M2 is a Business Objects inquiry instrument GPMs use to help leaders in regulating military wellbeing system(MHS) tasks. The advantages of M2, gives an itemized rundown of populace, clinical and money related information from all MHSworldwide. Information incorporates, bought care, qualification and enlistment information (Executive Information Decision Support, n. . ). GPMs use M2 to assess experiences, strategic approaches, perform pattern investigations, direct patient, and supplier profiling examines. This application additionally recognizes zones of human services administrations paid to the private division that are accessible at the MTF and moves those administrations back to MTF. Weaknesses of this frame work distinguished by the GPM incorporate, entangled exceed expectations spreadsheets requiring broad information cleanup and playing out various turns to introduce reportable information. Information slack time is forty to sixty days, so today the GPM can just survey information as later as the finish of February. This framework is liked to the Composite Health Care System (CHCS I), a Virtual Memory System (VMS) where specially appointed reports are manufactured, requiring tidy up, at that point stuck in to Excel for additional information tidy up and rotating (Beyster and Economy, 2007). Another managerial application supported by GPMs is the Air Force Surgeon General’s Executive Global Look (SG EGL). SG EGL surveys MTF viability of meeting measures in consumer loyalty, supplier accessibility, arrangement booking, strategy and the command’s generally speaking execution. One advancement every one of the three GPMs concur upon is SG EGL, this regulatory application gives â€Å"Push Report,† which pre-constructs illustrations of the previously mentioned information that they don't need to rotate down. The SG EGL site permits mentioned reports to be sent legitimately to email inbox month to month (Air Force Surgeon General’s Executive Global Look, n. d. ). Reports got have a similar data contained on the site, so the client gets data in a dashboard group that is handily duplicated into PowerPoint for introduction tothe medical clinic initiative. One restrictions of SG EGL noted by the GPM is similar information slack time as M2. Another issue with this application is the site much of the time is broken and if refreshes are executed you will most likely be unable to see information until the Pentagon makes sense of the issue. One of the qualities of the site in any case up or down the â€Å"Push Reports† are constantly sent and contain feasible information. Another instrument for examining information utilized by the GPM is DSS. DSS is situated in Ramstein, Germany and supports USAFESG on information in regards to clinical administrations gave all through USAFE. DSS is a group of informatics masters that produce custom reports, make and oversee electronic applications (USAFE DSS, n. d. ). GPMs discover DSS a most loved spot to demand specially manufactured reports not shrouded in different applications, for example, M2 or SG EGL. Also, the informatics specialists can mined information and perform tidy up, the GPM would ordinarily need to achieve. The report is as yet gotten in exceed expectations format,but information is explicit to the solicitation. The negatives of DSS, if a mentioned report needs extra information fields included, the report must be revamped to incorporate the new fields. Besides, broad bearings must be given to manage the informatics segment on building the report. When the report is worked to determinations the potential for appraisal of information is colossal. The authoritative application examined in this paper address only a couple at present utilized by GPMs. There are extra one of a kind databases at significant orders (MAJCOM), created to survey exceptional information requiring assessment by the order. The advancement of remarkable databases happens due tothe interest for snappy procurement of information â€Å"in constant. Lamentably, advancement at the DoD level takes a long time for usage and the client need current information, not information forty to sixty days obsolete. GPMs at this office significantly want one regulatory application to acquire tables, diagrams and reports, yet such an application is a very long time really taking shape. References Air Force Medical Service (AFMS) Knowledge Exchange (Kx). (n. d). Gathering practice manager’s position portrayal. Recovered from https://kx. afms. mil/kxweb/home. doAFAF (Air Force Surgeon General’s Executive Global Look n. d. SG EGL)Air Force Surgeon General’s Executive Global Look. (n. d. . SG EGL. Recovered from https://egl. afms. mil/(Beyster R J Economy P 2007 SAIC Solution: How We Built a $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Comapny)Beyster, R. J. , and Economy, P. (2007). The SAIC arrangement: How we assembled a $8 billion worker claimed innovation organization. John Wiley and Sons, 88. (Official Information Decision Support n. d. EIDS)Executive Information Decision Support. (n. d. ). EIDS. Recovered from http://www. ha. osd. mil/peo/59810_Axiom_Bro_EIDS. pdf United States Armed Forces Europe (USAFE) Decision Support System (DSS). (n. d. ). Recovered from https://sg2. usafe. af. mil/DSS/

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Local Government Amalgamation and Financial Sustainability

Question: Examine about the Local Government Amalgamation and Financial Sustainability? Answer: The jobs of shoppers, retailers, producers and the administration organizations in the norms and characteristics of food in the United Kingdom are massive (Fagotto 2014). Customers assume an essential job in such manner (Lovelock et al. 2014). They have the rights to anticipate that the food, which they are purchasing or expending, is sheltered to be devoured and is of acceptable quality as well (Lovelock et al. 2014). Buyers can opine about the systems followed for food control, the gauges and the exercises, which are utilized, by the administration and the businesses for finding out that the food, which is offered, has these highlights (Osborn 2013). Regardless of whether the clients, government and the others assume a critical job to guarantee the security and nature of the food, at last even with rivalry, the ability to put resources into the physical and the administrative assets that are required for usage of appropriate controls lies exclusively with the food business (Osborn 2013). It is perceived by the private firms that the shoppers assume a significant job in deciding their prosperity concerning gainfulness (Grant 2015). On the off chance that the purchasers purchase a similar item consistently, it is demonstrated that the item fulfills them (Grant 2015). The food makers and advertisers, in this manner, have a commitment to their item characters which they need to protect. In this way, setting up and regulating the controls is significant for them to ensure that the item satisfies the desires for the customers on security and quality (Oliver 2014). The administration organizations to have a significant task to carry out since they are liable for: Building up the norms of security consistently with the goal that equivalent measure of assurance is accomplished by all the clients, Applying comparative wellbeing levels with the goal that all the food producers are dealt with impartially and Advising the clients with respect to the gauges that are followed in regards to the insurance (Oliver 2014). Retailers assume a significant job too by: Proffering created medical advantages over an assorted item and an area along these lines advancing nonstop shopping as a result of closeness to lodging and networks. Impacting arranging contemplations by depicting the advantages of agglomerated chain of stores Advancement of culture and relaxation Building up the earth by advancement of neighborhood flexibly chains Most of the retailers utilize the nearby wholesalers, and numerous shoppers go to the area every now and again, lessening the need to visit the shops by utilizing private vehicle (Ozuduru et al. 2014). The makers have a crucial influence in the gauges and the characteristics of the food. It is on the grounds that the purchasers will be influenced if the quality and gauges of the food are not up to the norms and recommended characteristics. The buyers now and again to check its dietary or restorative worth screen the fixings, which are placed into the produce. There are sanitation prerequisites too since it are critical that the earth where the food is made is perfect and the food, which is delivered, is sheltered (Troller 2012). Purchasers, retailers, makers and the administration organizations are identified with one another intently with regards to measures and characteristics of food in United Kingdom (Buzby et al. 2014). It works like a cycle where every single one of the above is connected to one another. The buyers are toward the finish of the cycle since they are the ones devouring the item, which is made after the item passes a few phases and steps (Solomon et al. 2012). The makers (Solomon et al. 2012) remember them while structuring and fabricating the item. There are matters identifying with guidelines and quality, which must be investigated, by the makers or the makers, and it is additionally to be seen that the wellbeing of the buyers in the wake of devouring the item isn't influenced negatively in any capacity (Solomon et al. 2012). The makers come after the shoppers where they need to watch certain rules for delivering the item as recommended by the legislature. It is to be seen that the custo mers are inferring most extreme advantages out of the created food and that they are devouring it regularly, which thusly demonstrates their resemblance for that specific food. The retailers present the food from the producers to the customers. In this manner, they structure an immediate connection in the middle of them in this way satisfying the main role of assembling. They make the purchasing procedure simpler by encouraging the clients by giving alternatives in different structures. The administration offices are connected to this cycle intently as they endorse the guidelines and guidelines, which should be trailed by all the others in the cycle with the exception of the buyers. These principles are given with the goal that the food, which is delivered, is sheltered to be devoured by the buyers. The principle legitimate base in the enactment of food in the United Kingdom RE THE Food Safety Act, 1990 and the General Food Regulations, 2004 (Rouvire and Latouche 2014). In UK, there is no corporate differentiation between the evaluation of hazard and correspondence of hazard from chance administration. The appraisals of dangers are commonly distributed on the Internet if there are no legal arrangements to forbid that. The FSA is the principle overseeing body, which oversees the wellbeing of food in the United Kingdom (Devaney 2013). It relies upon the non-ecclesiastical government division Government Department, which is administered a free Chairperson and a non-official board which oversees the all out vital course of the Agency, and to ensure that it is meeting its legal commitments (Devaney 2013). It is responsible to the British Parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly of Wales through the priests of wellbeing. Alongside th e inquiries with respect to the wellbeing of food, the obligations of FSA likewise incorporates watching and taking care of the neighborhood specialists of authorization. It is a body, which is generally in UK, headquartered in London, and its workplaces are available in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales for guaranteeing that its needs are introduced in the nation explicitly, and the workplaces work in various territories of work. On issues of pertinence, FSA works with the nearby specialists. The Meat Hygiene Service, which works inside FSA, is liable for assessing meat in the premises of meat, which are new in regions. FSA works in alongside different things, food added substances and polluting substances, microbiological sanitation, feed, GMOs, novel nourishments, and the added substances of the food. Its tasks likewise incorporate territories like nutritive nourishment for the wellbeing, naming of the food and the measures of the food items. There is another body named Defra, which is managed by the legislature and alongside its different organizations is answerable for the bills and for actualizing and to screen the security of the food on the off chance that it doesn't go under the domain of FSA. Veterinary Medicines Department is an organization, which alongside different duties is subject for evaluating, giving and keeping up the approvals for advertising broadly for therapeutic items utilized for veterinary purposes and watchfulness for deposits of those, ill-conceived things in creatures and its items as well and co-appointment of the work in regards to against microbial obstinacy. There is an administrative body for pesticides, which takes a shot at benefit of Defra, to be specific Chemicals Regulation Directorate. Its exercises other than the wellbeing of food incorporate completing of a program on the pesticides formally of the remainders of the pesticide testing of the food in the United Kingdom about the recom mended guidelines, and the reports are distributed on quarterly. It is the obligation of the body to make the correct move of an application on occasion if the administrative break of the buildup of the degrees of pesticide happens. There are unquestionably different exercises of Defra, for instance, for enacting, actualizing and reviewing, the obligations go under Agricultural/Rural Affairs Departments in the Devolved Administrations in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Defra distributes the evaluation of dangers in the field of creature wellbeing and their government assistance. They additionally co-work with the working gatherings of FSA any place it is required. It is the obligation of Defra to deal with all the components of the water approach in England and it works with the Drinking Water Inspectorate, which is a body that directs the drinking water quality. The conditions are indistinguishable in Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The domain of exercises of Delta cov ers alongside the wellbeing of food stretches out to creature wellbeing, the government assistance of the creatures, and the strength of the plant. There are four nations in UK, and their structure of organization is single-level. The units are exclusively liable for all the errands, which are local and privately regulated (Andrews 2013). They manage the laws identifying with the food, feed laws, and do reviews as well, and they are liable to FSA since they report straightforwardly to them. At the point when it directs the neighborhood government authority, the Local Authorities Coordinator of Regulatory Services, it speaks to the specialists, which work locally, and it performs coordination of the exercises of the nearby specialists and among them and among Defra and FSA. Reference List Andrews, R., 2013. Nearby government amalgamation and money related maintainability: the instance of England and Wales. Open Finance and Management, 13(2), p.124. Buzby, J.C., Farah-Wells, H. what's more, Hyman, J., 2014. The assessed sum, worth, and calories of postharvest food misfortunes at the retail and purchaser levels in the United States. USDA-ERS Economic Information Bulletin, (121). Devaney, L., 2013. Spaces of security, observation and sanitation: questioning view of the Food Safety Authority of Ireland's administering sleuth

Friday, August 21, 2020

Side Effects of Zoloft (Sertraline)

Side Effects of Zoloft (Sertraline) Depression Treatment Medication Print Side Effects of Zoloft (Sertraline) Knowing What to Expect and When to Act By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on January 25, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 04, 2020 Depression Overview Types Symptoms Causes & Risk Factors Diagnosis Treatment Coping ADA & Your Rights Depression in Kids Zoloft (sertraline) is a type of antidepressant medication commonly used to treat depression and anxiety. It belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which work by preventing the reabsorption of serotonin (the feel good hormone) so that more is available in the system. Zoloft the most prescribed antidepressant and the seventh most prescribed psychiatric drug in the U.S. Illustration by JR Bee, Verywell Most Common Zoloft Side Effects As with all medications, Zoloft may cause certain unwanted side effects. ??The most commonly experienced in those taking Zoloft include: DiarrheaNauseaIndigestionDecreased appetiteFatigueSleepinessInsomniaTremorsAgitationIncreased sweatingFeeling emotionally numbSexual problems, including loss of libido and inability to ejaculate Gastrointestinal problems can occur in as many as one in four people taking Zoloft.?? Others are far less common but, in some ways, far more distressing. While the loss of libido can affect both men and women, men are especially impacted by physical symptoms of erectile dysfunction (occurring in four percent of men) and ejaculation problems (occurring in eight percent of men). People can often minimize these symptoms by taking Zoloft immediately after sex or adjusting treatment with the advice of their doctor. Uncommon but Serious Side Effects While far less common (occurring in less than two percent of patients), there are some serious side effects associated with Zoloft use. In some cases, Zoloft may trigger or exacerbate psychiatric symptoms.?? Call your doctor if you experience any new or worsening psychiatric symptoms such as panic attacks, hallucinations, agitation, memory loss, impulsiveness, anxiety, or any symptom associated with psychosis, major depression, or bipolar mania. People who take Zoloft also risk having an overdose. On the other hand, you should seek immediate medical assistance if you experience any of the following: Black or bloody stoolsChest painFaintingFast or irregular heartbeatA severe or a persistent headacheFever over 100o FSeizureSuicidal thoughtsStevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), a rare but potentially fatal allergic reaction While all of these symptoms should be considered serious, SJS is particularly alarming due to the speed by which it can occur. SJS typically begins with fatigue, fever, and sore throat, followed by the emergence of angry eruptive blisters on the face, trunk, arms, legs, and soles of the feet. If left untreated, SJS can quickly lead to sepsis, organ damage, blindness, shock, and even death.?? Side Effects in Children and Adolescents When prescribed in children or adolescents, Zoloft can cause a slightly different range of symptoms, some of which are less common in adults. Advise your pediatrician if your child experiences any of the following: NosebleedsFrequent urinationUrinary incontinenceHeavy menstrual periodAbnormal or agitated muscle movementsSlowed growthWeight changes A Word From Verywell The type and severity of Zoloft side effects will vary from person to person. For most, the symptoms tend to be minimal and generally improve over time. If you find you are unable to cope with the side effects, call your doctor immediately. There may be strategies your doctor can offer (including dose adjustment or adjunctive therapies) to help you better adjust to the prescribed treatment. The important thing to avoid is stopping or changing treatment without input from your doctor. Not only might you undermine the goals of treatment, you may experience a condition known as antidepressant discontinuation syndrome (ADS) which can manifest with symptoms of withdrawal (including muscle aches, nausea, dizziness, insomnia, and abnormal sensations). ADS can occur as early as six weeks after starting therapy.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Privacy Privacy And Privacy - 1509 Words

Privacy advocates warn that many websites try to collect personal information from online users, but few guarantees how that data will be used. They say the federal government should establish standards to protect privacy online. But Internet businesses and others contend that they can safeguard users privacy without resorting to government interference. Law-enforcement agencies, meanwhile, favor government limitations on the use of sophisticated encryption technology, which makes online communications secure - even from the police. They fear that strong encryption software will help criminals in hiding their activities. But privacy advocates argue that encryption technology assures companies and consumers that their online communications are not being tampered with. . In one of the interview by By Biance Bosker, Mark Zuckerberg said â€Å"Facebook isn t violating your privacy -- Google, Yahoo and Microsoft are.† The Internet has become not only a primary means of communicati on, but a place where millions of Americans store important personal data, from credit-card numbers and bank account information to family photos and histories of their online purchases. But that data does not have the same legal protection as data that Americans store in their homes. What s more, powerful new technologies are creating unexpected challenges to privacy online. Advertisers, for example, can now track the Web sites you visit, and actions you take on those sites, to analyze how to moreShow MoreRelatedPrivacy And The Privacy Of Privacy1803 Words   |  8 PagesFirstly, it would be a good idea to explain exactly what privacy is and then discuss the importance of privacy and some of the legal consequences that could arise when violating a patient’s privacy. I’ve always believed that privacy is one of the most important things when it comes to the patient s care. One of the main forms of privacy that I would like to discuss is, Informational privacy which is defined as the privacy of personal information and usually relates to personal data stored on computerRead MorePrivacy And The Privacy Of Privacy1735 Words   |  7 PagesIn today’s society, the word â€Å"privacy† has become ubiquitous. When discussing whether government surveillance and data collection pose a threat to privacy, the most common retort against privacy advocates – by those in favor of databases, video surveillance, spyware, data mining and other modern surveillance measures – is this line: If I’m not doing anything wrong, what would I have to hide? The allowance of the government’s gathering and analysis of our personal information stems from an inadequateRead MorePrivacy And The Privacy Of Privacy1626 Words   |  7 PagesPrivacy is the ability to maintain what or who can access and see your personal content and information. With that, the idea of privacy is different amongst different cultures and countries, while they al l differ, they share common characteristics. The act of sharing ones own personal information is decision one must make on their own. Privacy is a right that all people should have and the government has the responsibility of maintaining that right. Data such as personal emails, bank details, medicalRead MorePrivacy Issues : Privacy And Privacy Essay2250 Words   |  9 PagesPrivacy Privacy has been a thing for consideration ever since the early days and has even become more worrisome recently with the evolvement of information technology. Individuals around the world value their privacy and the protection of their personal information. Having a knowledge of who is accessing their information and what it is being used for. But with the recent and rapid evolvement of IT, information privacy is being threatened and individuals no longer possess the control over who hasRead MorePrivacy1776 Words   |  8 PagesRunning Head: THE EXISTENCE OF PRIVACY WITH TECHNOLOGY THE EXISTENCE OF PRIVACY WITH TECHNOLOGY Obediah Howard Bellevue University â€Æ' THE EXISTENCE OF PRIVACY WITH TECHNOLOGY Abstract This research paper will discuss the relationship between privacy and technology. It will attempt to ascertain if technology and privacy can share the same plane of existence. 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At the same time, technology has also done the opposite, making it almost impossible for anyone to have secured privacy. Nowadays, there are multiple hacking programs or devices that can help protect private information; however, they can also be used to invade privacy. Modern-day society has records of incidents and events involving the invasion of privacy, including those notRead MorePrivacy Is An American Invasion Of Privacy3113 Words   |  13 PagesIntroduction Privacy is an especially equivocal idea, in particularly because invasion of privacy is a concept that is arguably questionable. Privacy has been defined as the right to be left alone without unwarranted intrusion by government, media, or other institutions or individuals. While this definition serves as a quick start to the right of privacy, there are still several interpretations as to what may or may not constitute as an invasion of privacy. What one person may believe to be anRead MorePrivacy Rights And The Privacy3319 Words   |  14 Pagescountries and organizations are approaching privacy issues along with my predictions how it will unfold the future There is a concern about many users privacy worldwide. Technology is constantly upgrading and internet is being used daily worldwide. Laws are constantly changing and there are many concerns about this. In this essay, I will be talking about why Companies are collecting data, laws regarding privacy policies and I will give prediction on how privacy issues will unfold in the future. WhatRead MoreThe Invasion Of Privacy And Privacy1399 Words   |  6 PagesCelebrities; They Have A Right To Their Privacy Too   Ã‚  Ã‚   Invasion of privacy occurs way too often in society. How would you feel if you had your personal photos hacked, and then reposted onto the internet, what if they were your nude photos? What about your medical records, would you like to have your records stolen and then announced for the whole world to know? Many groups have their privacies hacked, stolen, abused, or even shared through other means of social media.   Look at one particular group

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Conflict Theory By Karl Marx Essay - 1294 Words

Commonly known as a mixture of the First Nations, Inuit and Mà ©tis, the aboriginal people are the native inhabitants of Canada. The aboriginal culture has lived on for centuries, and has influenced Canada’s language, social structure and overall evolution of the land we live on today. As of the 2011 Canadian Census, over 1.4 million people have identified themselves as an Aboriginal person – roughly 4.5% of Canada’s total population. While that statistic may not be that high, it’s extraordinary how a certain culture could last through the struggle and hardships these people had to go through. As European settlers moved into Canada, the Aboriginal people’s traditions and values were largely stripped away and were deemed a lower status to the perpetrators. The sociological perspective that will be used will be the conflict theory: presented by Karl Marx, the conflict theory is the contrast to the functionalist perspective where it embraces that soci al order is maintained by supremacy and authority instead of obedience and unity. While the Aboriginal people are slowly regaining their rights and ground after two centuries of discrimination and unjust social treatment, there is clear inequality as they are still lacking in many qualities of life including education, health care and unemployment. With over 31 million people in this country as of this year, the large majority of us completely forget about the Indigenous population. As education is such an important part in ourShow MoreRelatedKarl Marx: Conflict Theory Essay878 Words   |  4 PagesKarl Marx: Conflict Theory The most influential socialist thinker from the 19th century is Karl Marx. Karl Marx can be considered a great philosopher, social scientist, historian or revolutionary. Marx proposed what is known as the conflict theory. The conflict theory looks at how certain social interactions occur through conflict. People engage in conflict everyday to gain more power th en others in society. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that occur between different classes. KarlRead MoreThe Class Conflict Theory Proposed By Karl Marx1571 Words   |  7 PagesClass Conflict Theory proposed by Karl Marx explains that society changes due to the need for human beings to have a higher level of social class. This is essentially a framework developed by Marx that he aimed to use to explain the mode of social stratification happening during his time, its root causes, and its main effects. Marx had a unique view on the nature of different social classes. He believed that there are only two social classes where people can belong (Marx McLellan, Karl Marx, SelectedRead MoreKarl Marx s Class Conflict Theory1710 Words   |  7 PagesKarl Marx’s Class Conflict Theory Introduction Karl Marx believed that struggle or conflict among classes was an inevitable feature of capitalism based on the argument that various groups in a society or social classes perpetually fight and compete for resources and power, hence the groups remains polarized against each other. The Karl Marx’s conflict theory views behavior from the perspective of conflict or tension among two or more groups. The conflict does not necessarily translate to violenceRead MoreConflict Theory, Karl Marx, and the Communist Manifesto Essay1321 Words   |  6 PagesConflict Theory, Karl Marx, and The Communist Manifesto In order to understand Marx a few terms need to be defined. The first is Bourgeoisie; these are the Capitalists and they are the employers of wage laborers, and the owners of the means of production. The means of production includes the physical instruments of production such as the machines, and tools, as well as the methods of working (skills, division of labor). The Proletariat is the class of wage-laborers, they do not have their ownRead MoreThe Correlations Between Karl Marx s Social Conflict Approach Theory And Bullying1895 Words   |  8 PagesThis paper explores the correlations between Karl Marx’s Social Conflict Approach Theory and bullying. It defines and gives examples of the theory, bullying and its multiple forms, as well as using an article provided by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP): Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a government funded website dedicated to help educate people about bullying, its forms, and how to stop it, and last ly a study website created by a teacher or professor that explains, definesRead MoreConflict Theory926 Words   |  4 PagesConflict theories are perspectives in social science that emphasize the social, political or material inequality of a social group, that critique the broad socio-political system, or that otherwise detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservativism. Conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast historically dominant ideologies. It is therefore a macro level analysis of society. Karl Marx is the father of the social conflictRead MoreWhy Marx s Social Theory Place So Much Emphasis On Class Conflict And The Economic Aspects Of Society? Essay1524 Words   |  7 Pagesdoes Marx s social theory place so much emphasis on class conflict and the economic aspects of society? Karl Marx is one of the most influential and revolutionary philosopher, economist and sociologist of the 19th century. His thoughts not only shaped our understandings of the capitalistic world but also created a new system of social organization, communism. His ideology also defined the key political figures of the cold war period such as Stalin, Mao and Castro. Without Marx, theRead MoreMarx Vs. Locke1476 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Marx vs. Locke Work is something we do on a regular basis, it’s what gets us through our day and makes us who we are. In class, we discussed two authors who had a viewpoint on the idea of work. Rousseau and Marx express their opinions of the theory of work in their own writings. In Karl Marx’s reading called The Communist Manifesto he explains the differences and similarities between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat people. In Rousseau’s reading called Discourse on the Origins of InequalityRead MoreCompare and Contrast the Main Tenet of the Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives.884 Words   |  4 PagesTopic: The conflict perspective views society less as a cohesive system and more as an arena of conflict and power struggles. Compare and contrast the main tenet of the Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives. Over the years, sociologist has put forward their views when it came to defining, studding and understanding society. Society can be defined as a group or unit of people living in a geographical area, sharing a similar background and/or culture. In sociological term, a society is any groupRead MoreKarl Marx on the German Ideology843 Words   |  3 PagesKarl Marx on the German Ideology: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels collaborated to produce The German Ideology, which was one of the classic texts generated by the two. Even though The German Ideology stands our as one of the major texts produced by the two, it was never published during Marx’s lifetime. This was a clear expression of the theory of history by Marx and its associated materialist metaphysics. One of the main reasons this text is a classic text by these philosophers is the fact that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

High School Education in India Free Essays

EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA- HIGH SCHOOL In India, high school is a grade of education which includes Standards VII to X. Standards XI to XII called as Higher Secondary School or Senior Secondary School or Junior college. Some states refer to Standards IX and X as High School, while XI and XII are termed as Intermediate. We will write a custom essay sample on High School Education in India or any similar topic only for you Order Now Other states refer to VI, VII, VIII, IX and X (grades 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) as Secondary school and XI and XII (grades 11 and 12) as Senior Secondary School. Usually, students from ages 14 to 18 study in this section. These schools may be affiliated to national boards like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) or National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or various state boards. There were only 20 universities and 500 colleges in the Indian subcontinent (including Bangladesh and Pakistan) in 1947, the year of Indian independence. Now there are about 376 universities and 17,700 colleges in India only, many with world class physical infrastructure. Many private research institutes are also coming up on a regular basis. The only Nobel prize for India (Indian citizen at the time of the award) in science for C. V. Raman (1930, University of Calcutta) also came in that era. We also had many world class scientists during that time (e. g Satyen Bose, J. C. Bose, Homi Bhaba etc). Now India is the second fastest growing in the world and third largest economy in Asia with huge budget in so-called education and research. But we do not have any world class scientist (who has a slightest chance to get Nobel Prize in science) in India or abroad (as per a survey published in a reputed Bengali magazine, â€Å"Desh†, sometime ago). We see huge uproar when previous government wanted to â€Å"introduce accountability† in some elite institutes like IIM or IITs but we never see a fraction of that excitement among educated middle class people or our political masters to reform primary and secondary education although our primary and secondary education system, the backbone of our country, is in a pathetic shape. Our middle class people, who can not afford to send their kids abroad but dream to have a better, more powerful and comfortable life for their kids do not allow any meaningful reform of primary and secondary education since independence. Our current education system selectively discards talented students with inquisitiveness, ability to ask questions and dream to do something challenging, something better for the society. Now we only produce private tuition and coaching enabled, mugging-up grade technicians who are great to do routine jobs (as in IT or BT) or imitating others (mainly true for Indian Ramp;D sector in any branch of science and in any industry), but not capable of doing original research, despite of having many world class physical infrastructure, huge budget and some so-called â€Å"elite† institutes. My recent experience with many graduate students form some high profile Indian institutes/universities indicate that the trend to emphasize on database type knowledge, quiz type information and fascination with techniques (not science as such) are still highly prevalent. No wonder India is among the least innovative nations in the world. Quality of Indian science education and research is going down at an alarming rate since independence, despite of huge increase in funding (1, 2, 3 and Balaram, P. (2002). Science in India: Signs of Stagnation. Current Science 82, 193-194. ). We need to invest much more and have an intensive and proper supervision of primary and high school education than wrongly focusing on higher education and research at the top level, at this time. Recently passed Right to education bill is a step towards the right direction. But here again we need to remember that many such great policies hardly achieve anything in reality and only limited within government files and the money ends up in the pockets of few selected people. Whatever money we spend on higher education and research is not going to give us any novel knowledge or technological edge unless we have right candidate behind the costly machines we buy. Now we produce mainly technicians, not scientists or technocrats and feel proud to export such raw materials to manpower-starved developed countries ( be it IT or BT, the two main pillars of Indian economy today). This might lead to some degree of prosperity in the short term but we are going to loose in a big way in the long run unless we totally overhaul our basic education system at primary and high school level. It’s useless to cut the roots and then water on the top. S C H E M E S  Ã‚   A N D  Ã‚   P   R O G R A M M E S The development of Secondary Education sector is also guided by the following Centrally Sponsored Schemes: 1. Integrated Education for Disabled Children 2. Improvement of Science Education in Schools 3. Promotion of Yoga in Schools 4. Strengthening Boarding and Hostel Facilities for Girls 5. Environmental orientation to School Education. 6. National Population Education Project. 7. National Awards for Teachers. A brief description of each of these Schemes is given below. Vocationalisation of Secondary Education A Central Institution of Vocational Education named â€Å"Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education (PSSCIVE)† was set up at Bhopal in 1993 under the overall umbrella of NCERT. The Institute acts as an apex level research and development organisation in the field of vocational education and provides directs and academic support to the programmes. Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for education of disabled children which includes assistance towards books and stationery, uniforms, transport allowance, readers allowance for blind children, escort allowance for severely handicapped children, boarding and lodging charges for disabled children residing in hostels, salary of resource teachers and helpers, setting up and equipping resource rooms, survey and assessment of disabled children, purchase and production of instructional material, training and orientation of resource teachers, funds for making modifications in school buildings and salary of an administrative Cell at the State level to implement and monitor the programme. According to the last survey conducted by the NSSO in 1991, the population of disabled children was estimated at 16. 15 million which is currently estimated to have gone up to 20 million. Under the Persons with Disabilities Act it has become mandatory for the Central/State/local governments to provide basic education to children with disabilities up to 18 years of age. The Act also calls for a series of activities to promote the education of such persons and mainstream them in general school system. Based on the provisions of the Act and experiences in recent years it is proposed to revise the existing IEDC for which a group has been set up. Improvement of Science Education in Schools With a view to identifying a nurturing talent in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry at school level, the International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), Internal Physics Olympiad (IPhO) and International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) is held every year. India has been participating in these Olympiads since 1989, 1998 and 1999 respectively. Each participating country is required to send a team comprising not more than 6 secondary student contestants to IMO, 5 secondary student contestants at IPhO and 4 contestant students to IChO apart from a leader and deputy team leader. Environmental Orientation to School Education The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986, provides that the protection environment is a value. The Scheme was initiated in 1988-89. The Scheme envisages assistance to voluntary agencies. The voluntary agencies are assisted for conduct of experimental innovative programmes aimed at promoting integration of education programmes in schools with local environmental conditions. Three Resource Centres namely (i) Uttra Khand Seva Nidhi, Almora (ii) CPR Environmental Education Centre, Chennai and (iii) Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad have been designated as nodal agencies for mobilisation, involvement and provision of financial support to NGOs/voluntary organisation in their respective regions for conducting innovative and experimental programmes in the field of Environmental Orientation to School Education. N A T I O N A   L  Ã‚   P O P U L A T   I O N   Ã‚   E D U C A T I O N  Ã‚   P R O J E C T National Population Education Project (School Education) was launched in April 1980 with a view to institutionalise population education in the school education system. The objectives of the project are: i. Introduction of Adolescence Education (with major components like process of growing up, HIV/AIDS Education, Drug Abuse in Schools and Teachers Education); and ii. Re-orientation, updating and improvement of the elements of Population Education in the light of Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1984. N A T I O N A L  Ã‚   A W A R D S  Ã‚   T O  Ã‚   T E A C H E R S These were instituted in 1958. There are 302 awards out of which 20 awards are reserved exclusively for teachers of Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic teaching in traditional institutions. In order to be eligible the teacher should have put in 15 years of continuous service on the date of consideration of his claim by the State level Selection Committee. How to cite High School Education in India, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Israel and the palestinians Essay Example For Students

Israel and the palestinians Essay Israel and the PalestiniansIsrael is situated at the connection of Africa and Asia. It is 20,000 square kilometres and unlike its neighbour Arab states it lacks natural resources. Lebanon and Syria border it in the north, Jordan in the east and Egypt to the south. Israel has also been holding Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of the River Jordan since 1967. It has an extremely varied geography and climate. Most of the coastline lies on the Mediterranean Sea. In the south are the valleys of Jezreel and Hulveh. There is the lake Tiberias and in the east the hills of Samaria ad Judea on the west bank. There is also the Negev desert to the south, which makes up sixty percent of the total land area. Coastal inhabitants face a hot but temperate climate with more rain relative to the north. Inland temperatures are cooler with seldom snow. Tel Aviv is the largest city and the centre of industry. Jerusalem has been declared the capital but has not been recognised as such by the international community. Major towns in the West Bank include Nablus, Hebron, Bethlehem, Ramallah and Jericho. Agriculture and industry employ millions of Israelis. Today Israel is a leading fruit exporter. The industry is mainly based on military. Service industries account for more than half the employment in Israel. Tourism is another source of income. Politically Israel is a multiparty democracy. A President elected by parliament for a five-year term, a government under a Prime Minister and a 120-member Parliament (Knesset). The people of Israel are extremely diverse. Jews in Israel consist of East European Jews, Moroccans, and Ethiopian Jews. More Jews and Palestinians live outside their common land than in it. Judaism is essentially the religion of ethical monotheism, which means that one God made the world and created the human beings to help complete his plan. In the Bible it is stated that Abraham found Judaism. The land promised to the Jewish was then called Canaan. They were probably a Semitic people made up of nomadic tribes and speaking a language called Hebrew. Under Moses the Jews founded the Judaean State. Later because it was a small force Israel was invaded by the super powers of the day Egypt, Assyrian, the Hittites, Greece and finally Rome. In 636 Jerusalem fell to the Arabs. Fallowing in 1557 Ottomans invaded the city. Until the Ottoman collapse in 1918 it remained under Ottoman rule. Afterwards in 1917 when the British forces took Jerusalem and a period of bargaining between the British and the French for their regional strategic interests in the Middle East had begun. In 1922 France declared a mandate over Syria, and in short Britain and France together controlled all of what is today Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Syria and Iraq, leaving south Arabia as a nominally independent Arab territory. Palestinian Arabs were encouraged by Transjordanss independence from Britain 1928 and Iraqs in 1932. Meanwhile Britain had already ended its Egyptian protectorate in 1922; in 1936 she limited her presence there to a Suez Canal garrison. In Palestine Britain was now caught between Jewish and Arab demands, and found it increasingly difficult to satisfy both sides. Reacting to the phenomenal Nazi oppression of Jews, fully 225,000 Jews had left Germany and East and Central Europe for Palestine between 1933 and 1939. In February 1947 after various partition plans had failed in the face of Arab command on a unitary state, Britain referred the Palestine question to the newly formed United Nations. A Special Committee (UNSCOP) drew up a new partition plan: it called for ( i) a Jewish state in three linking segments, eastern Galilee in the north, the coastal plane from Haifa to Rehovot in the south, and the Negev desert; (ii) an Arab state, made up of western Galilee, central Palestine, a southern littoral bordering Egypt, and the port of Jaffa; (iii) an international zone in Jerusalem and Bethlehem; and (iv) economic union between all regions.* On Jan. 12, 1948 the Jewish Agency and Jewish National Council announced plans for a limited government. Meanwhile violence was causing many Jewish peoples death. On May 14, 1948 the state of Israel was established in Tel Aviv. It also committed the new state to the United Nations Charter. At least one percent of the Jewish populations lost their lives in the war. The war not only formed the Jewish State; it also changed the demography of the region. For the first time in the 1900 years the Jewish formed a majority in their own state. On January 23, 1950 the Israeli parliament declared West Jerusalem as the ca pital on April 24 the Jordanian parliament incorporated the West Bank and East Jerusalem. On May 25, 1950 Britain, France and the USA jointly stated their opposition to the violation of 1949 armistice lines, and committed themselves to preventing an arms race in the region. All the bordering Arab States remained in a state of war with Israel. Meanwhile the Canal Zone had become a source of conflict between Egypt and the Suez Canal Company runs by Britain and France. Israel attacked Egyptian positions in Gaza and the Sinai on Oct 29; Britain and France then issued ultimatoms to both sides to withdraw from the Canal. The three main consequences of the brief Suez war were: i) diminution of Britains role in the region; ii) increasing ties between the Soviet Union and the radical Arab States of Egypt, Syria and Iraq; and iii) a growing US role in the region, backing Israel and conservative Arab states, partly to counter the Soviet Unions influence.* From the Israeli Palestinian perspecti ve, the war changed little. Israel demonstrated its military ability, but its forced withdrawal from the Sinai showed up its diplomatic weakness and left her with insecure borders. Furthermore Syria still bombarded settlements from the Golan Heights. Palestinians realised that Egyptian supports alone could not help win back-lost lands. The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation- set up in 1964, calling for the liberation of all Palestine by armed struggle *) placed its forces under the commands of Egypt Syria and Iraq, and Nasser closed the Gulf of Aqaha to Israeli shipping. Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban told the UN it would break isolation by force if necessary. Egypt and Jordan signed a joint defence pact and warned other nations against supporting Israel. Iraqi forces moved through Jordan towards Israel. Early on the morning of June 5, Israel launched a pre-emptive strike on Egyptian airfields; Jordanian moved against Israel. Thus began the Six-Day War. Israel had i) capture d the Gaza Strip and the entire Sinai peninsula up to the Suez Canal; ii) gained control of East Jerusalem iii) captured the Golan Heights in the north from Syria.* Israeli forces now occupied more than three times as much territory as they did post 1948. The Arab world, however, shocked by the extent of their defeat, resolved not to negotiate with Israel. On November, 22 the UN Secretary Council unanimously adopted Resolution 242 proposed by Britain demanding: i) Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories; ii) mutual respect for the sovereignty of all states in the area with secure boundaries; iii) freedom of navigation in international waterways; iv) a just settlement of the refugee problem and v) demilitarized zones.* Both Israel and the frontline Arab states (except Syria) accepted the resolution, though disagreed over the definition of Israeli withdrawal. The PLO rejected the Resolution, as it made no mention of Palestinian national rights. Meanwhile a War of Attrition* begun with Israel around the Suez Canal and costing 177 Israeli lives and 681 Fedayeen casualties in 1968. By summer 1971 all Fedayeen were expelled from the kingdom and fled to Syria and Lebanon after the eleven day Black September conflict. In revenge Fedayeen killed the Jordanian premier, Wasfi al-Tal. By September 1975 Israel had withdrawn a further 40 kilometres in the Sinai creating a UN demilitarized buffer zone. Both sides promised to not use force and non-military cargoes en route to Israel could again travel the canal. In return the USA promised to help Israel militarily and economically, to discuss with her over a Geneva peace conference and general Middle East settlement and finally not to deal with a PLO under its present orientation. The two years that followed the war saw new and apparently contradictory trends emerge: i) the willingness of Arab states to negotiate disengagements agreements with Israel ii) Arab use of the oil weapon to punish pro-Israeli Western States iii ) increased Palestinian terrorism.* Arab states restricted the flow of oil to most western nations, thus forcing the price to quadruple and sparking of a worldwide economy crisis. This proved a stronger bargaining counter at this stage for Palestinian rights. On Oct 22, 1973 the UN Security Council passed the first cease-fire end resulting, in the creation of a new UNEF to be deployed on the Suez Front in November. The formal signing of a cease-fire at kilometre 101 between Israel and Egypt was the first complete agreement since the armistice of 1949. US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had begun intense shuttle diplomacy to achieve peace. In May Israel withdrew from land she had captured from Syria in the war and returned to the town of Quneitra, while holding on the strategic Golan Heights. On April 12 that year municipal elections were held in the West Bank in accordance with Jordanian law. The result was a victory for National Bloc, largely composed of pro-PLO and New Communis ts. They now controlled Nablus, Hebron and Ramallah, but lost to pro-Jordanian candidates in Jericho and Bethlehem. The question of Jewish settlements was a major issue in the election. In 1975 secret buying West Bank land by the Israel Lands Authority had prompted unrest. Strikes broke out and the suppression by the military administration resulted 17,000 Palestinians to leave the West Bank. Yitzhak Rabin took power in April 1974 from Golda Meir; he faced a divided labour party, plus downturn economy, which led to high inflation because of oil ambargo and high cost of rearming. Later in April 1977, Rabin resigned because of financial scandals and replaced by Peres. Effects of inflation and impatience over perceived international hostility to the Jewish State, made for a new right-wing tendency just before the general election in may 1977. Over the years Israels political orientation had changed, from being a nominally non-aligned socialist state to a firm ally of the west, particul arly of the USA. School Uniform - Keep it or ditch it? EssayOn August 28, 1983, Menachem Begin had announced his plan to resign as Israel Prime Minister; he was succeeded by former Foreign Minister, Itzhak Shamir on October 10. On March 22, the opposition carried a bill calling for new elections. The following issues divided Israel: i) Lebanon with the left criticising Likud for putting military conscripts in a compromising position, and for allowing excessive civilian causalities; and with the right critical of the failure to remove the PLO presence; the 400 percent rate of inflation partly fuelled by the Lebanese campaign; West Bank settlements and the treatment of Palestinians; the growing gulf between secular Zionists and Orthodox Jews; and Israels loss of allies. In the elections voters deserted the two major groupings for the smaller parties and the result was inconclusive. After much bargaining, the Allignments and Likud agreed on a national coalition government. The coalition government pursued the Camp David autonomy talks, and sought direct negotiations with Jordan. Relations with Egypt had deteriorated after the recall of Egyptian ambassador. Israel received military aid from the USA, and also increased contacts with France, the UK, West Germany and China. Peres ma intained his efforts for diplomatic advance and met king Hassan of Morocco. He tried to show PLO as the greatest obstacle to peace. At the same time, the Israels economy was at last improving, but political and financial scandals continued. Also the terror in the streets increasingly continued. The February 11, 1985 agreement between Arafat and Hussein proposed a joint Palestinian-Jordanian delegation at peace talks. The most important improvement in the further years was Palestine National Councils (PNC) rejecting terrorism in all its forms including institutionalised terrorism and repeating the earlier commitments restricting the violence to Israel and the occupied territories. Immediately all Arab states except Syria plus countries from the Non-aligned Movement and China. The USSR recognised the proclamation but not the state itself. Israel denounced the declaration and began campaigning against it. The USA said the PLO statements were an advance but still too vague *. Within Isr ael a lobby for talks with PLO was getting strength. After forty-one years of the state of Israel, the chances for a resolution to the Palestinian problem have never appeared so distant or so close. Interpretation of the BookThis book is written in 1988, and the book includes the historical development of the Israel State and the Palestinian conflicts until the year 1987. It is a highly descriptive book, involving information but lacking of personal views of the writers. Meanwhile, the description of the conflict with detailed examples of events, helps the reader to understand the issue more clearly and easily. In my opinion this conflict between the two states affects the neighbouring countries in the region as well as the other states that have strategic interests in the Middle East. Therefore it is not a two-player game, instead it is a multi player game, and with each player having own goals and own rules. Also in the Middle East, religion becomes an obstacle in the solution of the conflicts. The observation of the conflict by taking the religion in to consideration is not well mentioned in the book. As it is well seen in this book too, like in almost all the countries of the Middle East, these two countries have strong impact of military on their policies, and also their foreign affairs are too much dependent to their internal political structures.